The concept of Time includes both telling the time, and time duration. (See the diagram below!)

Students begin investigating Time in Kindergarten/Prep/Reception as they name days, sequence events, describe durations and tell time on the hour on both analog and digital clocks. (T 1, 2, 3, 4).

Students begin investigating time in Year 1 as they name and describe the duration of months and seasons, days and hours. They explain the movement of hands around analog clock, and use their understanding of the fraction ‘half’ to tell the time to the half hour on analog and on digital clocks (T 5, 6).

Students begin investigating time in Year 2 as they estimate and measure duration of time using informal units, and a simple calendar. The investigate activities that take an hour, half, quarter, one minute and a few seconds. Students use their understanding of the fractions ‘quarter’ and ‘half’ to tell the time quarter past and to hour on analog and on digital clocks (T 7, 8, 9, 10).

Students begin investigating time in Year 3 as they tell time to the minute on analog and on digital clocks, describing the angles created through hand movement on an anolog clock (T 11, 12).

Students begin investigating time in Year 4 as they investigate time using ‘am’ and ‘pm’, convert between seconds, minutes, hours and days, and interpret simple calendars, timetables and timelines (T 13, 14, 15).

Students begin investigating time in Year 5 as they measure duration of events using a stop watch, and calculate duration using start and finish time. They convert between 12 and 24 hour time (T 16, 17).

Students begin investigating time in Year 6 as they construct and interpret timelines using scale, and read and interpret simple timetables to plan trips and daily activities (T 18, 19).